VietnamActivities & AttractionsBeautiful Caves in Vietnam

Beautiful Caves in Vietnam

Being a Southeast Asian country with complex terrains, Vietnam attracts tourists with several magnificent and spectacular caves. Here are the most beautiful caves in Vietnam that you should not miss when visiting this beautiful country.

Tam Coc – Bich Dong

Tam Coc–Bich Dong is one of the nicest caves in Vietnam due to its poetic natural scenery. Located in Ngu Nhac Mountain, Tam Coc-Bich Dong belongs to Hoa Lu District, Ninh Binh Province. “Tam Coc-Bich Dong” literally means “Three Grottoes – Green Pearl Grotto”.

3 kilometers from Van Lam Wharf, Tam Coc consists of 3 caves, namely Hang Ca, Hang Hai, and Hang Ba. Hang Ca is the longest cave 123 meters long, and a cave mouth of 20 meters wide. Hang Hai is about 1 kilometer from Hang Ca and is 60 meters long. The most attractive of this cave is a series of sparkling stalactites falling from the ceiling. Nearby Hang Ca, Hang Ba is around 50 meters long with a lower ceiling.

Bich Dong (Green Pearl Grotto) consists of a dry cave located on Ngu Nhac Mountain and a wet cave piercing through the mountain (Xuyen Thuy Dong). There is a pagoda called Bich Dong Pagoda inside the dry cave. Built at the beginning of the Le Dynasty, Bich Dong Pagoda is an ancient pagoda with a typical East Asian architectural design. The pagoda has 3 levels, which are Chua Ha (lower pagoda), Chua Trung (middle pagoda), and Chua Thuong (upper pagoda). As the entrance to the Bich Dong Pagoda is opposite the entrance to the wet place, you can do a short climb to the pagoda after visiting the wet cave.

Trang An Grottoes

Trang An Grottoes is an ecotourism site belonging to the Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex, inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2014. The caverns consist of numerous caves and rocks which significantly tower out from an extensive network of canals and lakes. There are 31 lakes and canals with around 48 grottoes and caves discovered, in which many caves reach about 2 kilometers in length including Hang Dia Linh, Hang Sinh Duoc, and Hang May.

The most famous caves include Hang Toi (Dark Cave), Hang Sang (Bright Cave), and Hang Nau Ruou (Wine-brewing Cave). Each cave has its unique beauty, ranging from the mystery of the Dark Cave and the glistening stalagmites of the Bright Cave to ancient myths about a giant brewing wine in Nau Ruou Cave.

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Sung Sot Cave

Located on Bo Hon Island, Sung Sot Cave is the largest and most beautiful cave that belongs to the World Heritage Site – Ha Long Bay. The initial name was “Grotte des surprises,” given by the French tourists to describe their incredible feelings towards such a marvelous place. The name “Sung Sot” literally means “Amazing”. There are 2 chambers in the cave. The outer chamber looks like an opera house with colorful stalagmites, stalactites, and several stone statues with many different shapes. Meanwhile, the inner chamber is a serene castle. The light reflected from the moving water makes the inside stalagmites and stalactites more alive and colorful.

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Thien Cung Cave

Along with Sung Sot Cave, Thien Cung Cave is one of the most popular attractions of Ha Long Bay due to its outstanding natural beauty. Located North of Dau Go Cave, Thien Cung Cave also possesses several stalagmites and stalactites with many different shapes, such as dragons and phoenixes. The cave’s name means Heaven Cave, as four colossal pillars remind tourists of the “roof of heaven.” Coming to this beautiful cave, you have to do a short trek through a set of stairs considered the stairs to heaven.

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Thach Dong Stone Cave

Located on Thach Dong Mountain, less than 5 kilometers from Ha Tien Town center, Thach Dong Cave is a top attractive tourist site in Kien Giang Province. About 90 meters above sea level, Thach Dong Mountain is a steep limestone mountain with a unique shape. To reach Thach Dong Cave, you need to go up a steep rocky path from the foot of Thach Dong Mountain to the cave mouth. An ancient wooden pagoda named Tien Son is inside the cave, built in 1970.

There are two small roads inside the cave. One road is called the “road to heaven” as it leads to the top of the cave, thus making it possible for the sunlight to enter the cave. Another is a rough, dark road called the “road to hell,” as many people disappear after trying to discover the road. However, this road was blocked to ensure the safety of visitors. Besides, Thach Dong Stone Cave is well known for the legends of Thach Sanh, a character in Vietnamese fairy tales. According to the myth, Thach Dong Cave is where Thach Sanh managed to rescue the princess and defeat the monster.

Huong Tich Cave

Located in the central part of the Huong Son national tourism spot, Huong Tich is a must-visiting cave in Vietnam. About 70 kilometers from the center of Hanoi, Huong Tich Cave is famous for its history and unique shapes. Legend has it that in 1770, Trinh Sam Lord visited this cave and gave the cave 5 words “Nam Thien De Nhat Dong” which literally means “the most beautiful cave in Northern Vietnam”. These words can now be seen on a high cliff inside the cave.

Belong to the scenic landscape of Huong (Perfume) Pagoda, Huong Tich Cave brings visitors to the immense landscape from a large dragon jaw. You can enter the cave by walking down 100 stone steps from the cave entrance. The most attractive thing in Huong Tich cave is the big stalactite Rice Dune near the cave entrance. If the cave were a dragon’s mouth, the Rice Dune would be the tongue inside.

Phong Nha – Ke Bang

Phong Nha-Ke Bang is a national park and UNESCO World Heritage Site in the center of Quang Binh Province. Its diverse cave and grotto system is composed of around 300 different caves and grottoes, and many areas are still not thoroughly explored. Before Son Doong Cave was recognized as the world’s largest natural cave in 2009, Phong Nha-Ke Bang held various other world cave records, including the longest underground river, the most spectacular stalagmites and stalactites, the highest cave, and last but not least, the broadest and most beautiful fine sand beaches.

The rock formations at Phong Nha Cave have diverse and unique shapes, such as the lion, the unicorn, and the Buddha statue. This cave reaches 7,729 meters in length, containing 14 grottoes and a 13,969-meter-long underground river. Remarkable caves and caverns in the Phong Nha Cave system are Dark Grotto, En Grotto, Cha An Grotto, Thung Grotto, Khe Tien Grotto, Khe Ry Grotto, and Khe Thi Grotto. Besides, there are Tien Son Cave, Thien Duong Cave, and Ruc Mon Cave, which also belong to this national park.

Son Doong Cave

Located in Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park in Quang Binh Province, Son Doong Cave is the world’s largest natural cave and has been selected as one of the most beautiful caves by BBC News. It was first discovered in 1991 by a local farmer named Ho Khanh and later explored by the British Caving Association in 2009. The name “Son Doong” means “mountain river cave” as it was created by river water, which eroded the limestone underneath the mountain.

Son Doong Cave stretches more than 5 kilometers (3 miles) long and reaches a height of 200 meters (650 feet) and a width of 150 meters (490 feet). The cave has 2 giant sinkholes, the openings created by collapsed ceilings. These sinkholes allow sunlight to enter the cave, allowing foliage to grow. This remarkable cave contains some rare limestone cave pearls. Also, the world’s largest stalagmite, which is up to 80 meters (262 feet) tall, was found in Son Doong Cave.

Son Doong Cave was first opened in 2013 with an exclusive 5-day adventure. Due to the exploitation policy in which the number of tourists is limited, the number of people inside Son Doong Cave is less than the number of those who have stood on the summit of Mount Everest. Only 10 people per departure are permitted, and those tours run only once per week from February to August per year. The primary purpose of this policy is to protect the ecosystem and natural beauty of Son Doong Cave. You can explore this cave and preserve the beauty of mother nature by taking a virtual reality tour on National Geographic, a project started by Martin Edström.

Summary of Beautiful Caves in Vietnam

Vietnam is the heaven of several beautiful natural caves. They are the creation of mother nature and have been an ecology preserve for thousands of years. Being responsible when visiting such tourist sites, therefore, is always necessary.

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