VietnamCulture and HistoryLegal Age in Vietnam

Legal Age in Vietnam

The legal age is when people have full legal rights and take responsibility for their actions. Each social field has a different age limit regulated by law, and all citizens must conform to it. In some cases, the legal age in Vietnam is different from that in many other countries. Knowing about this is necessary to avoid violating the regulations when in the country, especially during your first time there.

Legal Age in Vietnam for Working

The legal working age in Vietnam is 15, and there are different labor regulations for people under 18 and 15. Children under 13 can also work but only in specific entertainment sectors, such as dancing, singing, acting, or sports. People between 13 and 15 can do traditional crafts, silkworm rearing, or manual work. At 14, people can start their vocational studies.

Moreover, people under 18 cannot work more than 8 hours a day, and people under 15 cannot work more than 4 hours a day. And using laborers who are under 15 years old means employing them for non-hazardous jobs and contracting with their legal representatives.

However, a loophole exists in poor families: children from a young age (8 or 9) help with farm work or sell goods on the streets. They sometimes have to handle the hard work and even drop out of school to support the family, which is a big concern for the government.

See How to Apply for a Work Permit in Vietnam

legal age in vietnam working
The legal working age in Vietnam is 15

Legal Age in Vietnam for Drinking Alcohol

The Vietnamese government is tightening the regulations regarding drinking, buying, and selling alcohol. The legal age in Vietnam for consuming alcohol is 18, which means Vietnamese can only buy, drink, sell, or join the production of alcohol when reaching the age of 18.

legal age in vietnam drinking
Drinking under 18 is illegal

Find out more about Vietnamese beer

Legal Age in Vietnam for Smoking

Like drinking, the minimum smoking age is 18. Under 18, you cannot buy, smoke, or sell cigarettes. However, age controls for drinking and smoking are not rigorously controlled. Some can still sneak to get their hands on these things, and some families in the countryside don’t pay attention to the regulations and still let the kids drink alcohol (under their supervision).

Legal Age in Vietnam for Voting

The legal age in Vietnam for voting is 18, at which point you have the full rights of a citizen. And you can run for office when you reach the age of 21.

Legal Age in Vietnam for Driving

In Vietnam, you must be 18 years old to get an official driver’s license for a motorbike or car (up to 9 seats). However, it is legal for 16-year-olds to drive motorbikes under 50 cc without a license. The transportation law in Vietnam has become stricter than before, and you will be stopped by the police on the streets when breaking the law.

Check our blog on Can Tourists Drive in Vietnam?

legal age in vietnam driving
18 is the legal age to get a driver’s license for motorbike and car

Legal Age in Vietnam for Marriage

Vietnamese law on marriage and family in 2012 made a provision on the legal age for marriage. Men must be at least 20, and women must be at least 18 to get married. However, underage marriage (even a child of 13 years old) still happens in some rural areas, and this is called “tao hon” in Vietnam.

In the past, the marriage age was between 15 and 16 years. And if you are still single by your early 30s, you can be considered unwanted. This traditional belief still exists in some areas of Vietnam, and the practice of the law is not so strict that people are breaking the regulations. To maximize the effect of the law, the government has enforced many ways to raise awareness of that issue.

See more on Vietnamese Wedding Traditions

Legal Age in Vietnam for Convicting Crimes

The legal age of consent in Vietnam is 18 years old.

Gambling, illegal drug usage, and weapon ownership can be considered crimes and regulated under criminal law. They are unlawful regardless of age. People at the age of 15 and above have to take full responsibility for all their crimes, and anyone above 18 could receive the highest penalty here in Vietnam, which is the death sentence if found guilty.

In detail, criminal gambling includes betting money from VND 50,000 to VND 5,000,000 and organizing gambling. Regarding drugs, planting flora consisting of narcotics, producing, keeping, and using drugs without permission is a convicting crime. Other serious crimes are owning, maintaining, using a military weapon, or wounding people and causing injury rate of 61%. All of which can put anyone in jail.

Read more regulations regarding playing casinos in Vietnam

Conclusion on Legal Age in Vietnam

The majority of legal ages in Vietnam are 18, but the legal age in Vietnam differs in some instances. The law may be modified in the years to come, but at the moment, it is highly reinforced all over the country. Having a closer look at the legal age in Vietnam will help you to have a better understanding of the country.

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