The legal age is the age at which people have full legal rights and take responsibility for their own actions. Each social field has a different age limit which is regulated by law, and all the citizens have to conform to it. The legal age in Vietnam is different from that in many other countries in some cases. It is necessary that you know about this to avoid violating the regulations when in the country, especially during your first time in Vietnam.
1. Legal Age in Vietnam for Working
The legal working age in Vietnam is 15, and there are different labor regulations for people under 18 and under 15. Children under 13 can also work but only in certain sectors of entertainment such as dancing, singing, acting, or sports. Ages between 13 and 15, people can do traditional crafts, silkworm rearing, or do some certain manual work. And at 14, people can start the vocational study.
Moreover, people who are under 18 years old cannot work more than 8 hours a day and people who are under 15 years old cannot work more than 4 hours a day. And using the laborers who are under 15 years old means employing them for non-hazardous jobs, and contracting with their legal representatives.
However, there is a loophole in poor families, children from a young age (8 or 9) helping out with the farm work or selling goods on the streets. They sometimes have to handle the hard work, even drop out the school to support the family, which is a big concern for the government.
The legal working age in Vietnam is 15
2. Legal Age in Vietnam for Drinking
The Vietnamese government is tightening the regulations regarding drinking, buying, and selling alcohol. The legal age in Vietnam that is currently set for drinking is 18, which means Vietnamese can only buy, drink, sell, or join the production of alcohol when reaching the age of 18.
Drinking under 18 is illegal
Find out more about Vietnamese beer
3. Legal Age in Vietnam for Smoking
Like drinking, the minimum smoking age is 18. Under 18, you cannot buy, smoke, or sell cigarettes. However, actually, the regulations of the legal age of drinking and smoking are not really rigorously controlled. Some can still sneak to get their hands on these things, and some families in the countryside don’t pay attention to the regulations and still let the kids drink alcohol (under their supervision).
4. Legal Age in Vietnam for Voting
The legal age in Vietnam for voting is 18 at which you have the full rights of a citizen. And you can run for office when you reach the age of 21.
5. Legal Age in Vietnam for Driving
In Vietnam, you must be 18 years old to get an official driver’s license for a motorbike or car (up to 9 seats). However, it is legal for 16-year-olds to drive motorbikes under 50 cc without a license. The practice of transportation law in Vietnam has become stricter than before, and you will be stopped by the police on the streets when breaking the law.
Check our blog on Can Tourists Drive in Vietnam?
18 is the legal age to get a driver’s license for motorbike and car
6. Legal Age in Vietnam for Marriage
Vietnamese law on marriage and family in 2012 made a provision on the legal age for marriage. Men have to be at least 20 and women have to be at least 18 when getting married. However, illegal marriage when the young (even a child of 13 years old) bride has not reached 18 still happens in some rural areas, and this is called child marriage, “tao hon”, in Vietnam.
In the past, the age of marriage was young, between 15 and 16 years. And if you are still single by your early 30s, you can be considered to be unwanted. This traditional belief somehow still exists in some areas of Vietnam, and the practice of the law is not so strict that there are people breaking the regulations. To maximize the effect of the law, the government has enforced many ways to raise awareness of that issue.
See more on Vietnamese Wedding Traditions
7. Legal Age in Vietnam for Convicting Crimes
The legal age of consent in Vietnam is 18 years old.
Gambling, banned drug usage, and weapon ownership can be considered crimes and regulated under criminal law. They are illegal, regardless of age. People at the age of 15 and above have to take full responsibility for all their crimes, and anyone above 18 could receive the highest penalty here in Vietnam, which is the death sentence if found guilty.
In detail, criminal gambling includes betting money from VND 50,000 to VND 5,000,000 and organizing gambling. Regarding drugs, planting trees consisting of narcotics, producing, keeping, and using drugs without permission is considered a convicting crime. Other serious crimes are owning, keeping, using a military weapon, or wounding people and causing injury rate of 61%. All of which can put anyone in jail.
Read more regulations regarding playing casinos in Vietnam
Conclusion on Legal Age in Vietnam
The majority of legal ages in Vietnam are 18 but the legal age in Vietnam differs in certain cases. The law may be modified in the years to come but at the moment it is highly reinforced all over the country. Having a closer look at the legal age in Vietnam will help you to have a better understanding of the country.