Hanoi, Vietnam’s capital, is one of the most popular tourist cities in Vietnam. Hanoi means “the hinterland between the rivers”. Ha: river, Noi: interior.
Population (2019): 8 million
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Muong, Dao, Tay, etc.
Highlights: Temple of Literature, Hanoi Old Quarter, Hoan Kiem Lake, Ngoc Son Temple, Imperial Citadel of Thang Long, Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum, Dong Xuan Market, St. Joseph’s Cathedral, Tran Quoc Pagoda, Hoa Lo Prison Museum, Museum of Ethnology, Vietnam Military History Museum
There are 4 distinct seasons including spring, summer, autumn, and winter. From November to March, it is cold with little rainfall. From April to October, it is hot with heavy rains and storms. The average annual temperature is 24.6oC. The average winter temperature is 17.2oC, but it can drop to 5oC. The average summer temperature is 29.2oC, but it can reach up to 39oC.
Hanoi is divided into 12 urban districts of Hoan Kiem, Ba Dinh, Dong Da, Hai Ba Trung, Tay Ho, Thanh Xuan, Cau Giay, Long Bien, Hoang Mai, Ha Dong, Bac Tu Liem, and Nam Tu Liem; and 17 sub-urban districts of Gia Lam, Dong Anh, Thanh Tri, Soc Son, Ba Vi, Chuong My, Dan Phuong, Hoai Duc, My Duc, Phu Xuyen, Phu Tho, Quoc Oai, Thach That, Thanh Oai, Thuong Tin, Ung Hoa, Me Linh, and one town of Son Tay.
Hanoi is 1,690km from Ho Chi Minh City, 740km from Da Nang, 654km from Hue, 480km from Dien Bien, 340km from Sa Pa, 154km from Lang Son, 160km from Ha Long, 102km from Hai Phong, and 91km from Ninh Binh.
Noi Bai International Airport (HAN) is 30km from the city center. A taxi from the airport to the city costs VND 350,000. For an airport bus into the city at the cost of VND 40,000 per person, wait outside the terminal building at the Vietnam Airlines Office at 1 Quang Trung Street. The route operates at regular intervals from 4:15 AM (check these departure times at the Vietnam Airlines Office). Air-conditioned city buses (No. 7 & No. 17) operate from outside of the Noi Bai terminal every 20 minutes between 5 AM and 9 PM daily at the cost of VND 9,000. The buses stop at Cau Giay Bus Station and Long Bien Bus Transit Station.
Most travel agents or hotels can arrange car-with-driver rental services.
There are many companies offering metered taxi services in Hanoi. Some taxi companies: 52, CP, Airport, Group Ha Noi, Huong Lua, Mai Linh, Noi Bai, The Ky Moi, Thanh Cong, Thanh Nga, Thanh Loi, etc. Grab car is also available via the app.
Rentals are available at hotels, at Hanoi’s Old Quarter, and along the backpacker streets: Ta Hien, Hang Bac, Ngo Huyen, Hang Be, Cau Go, Luong Ngoc Quyen, etc. Motorbike taxis are also available via the Grab or Go Viet app.
The city’s heavy traffic isn’t bicycle-friendly, although some areas around Tay Ho (West Lake) are great for bicycles.
The main operating area of cyclos is the old quarter of Hanoi, you can easily find cyclos there for a good way to view Hoan Kiem Lake. Only book from reliable companies to avoid scams.
Things to do:
Money tips for Hanoi Travel
- Vietnamese Currency
- Debit and Credit Cards
- Money Exchange Spots
- Money-Saving Tips
- Visit Hanoi on a Budget
- Free Things to Do in Hanoi
Safety and Security in Hanoi:
- Scams and Annoyances
- Avoid Scams Tips
- How to Cross Streets
- Is It Safe to Travel in Vietnam?
- Can I Visit Hanoi by Myself?
Health Care in Hanoi:
- Capital of Vietnam
- Vietnam at a Glance
- Vietnam’s Economy
- Electricity & Outlets
- Emergency Contacts (Embassies and Consulates, Hotlines)
- Vietnam Transportation
When You Should Visit Hanoi:
What You Should Pack for Hanoi:
Transportation in Hanoi:
- Getting around Hanoi
- Taking a Bus in Hanoi
- Taking the Train in Hanoi
- Taking a Motorbike on the Train
- Renting a Motorbike in Hanoi
- Renting a Car in Hanoi
- Taking Motorbike Taxis
How to Get to Hanoi:
Useful Mobile Apps:
Get your insurance plan for visiting Hanoi: